Tire Maintenance in Mississauga
Have you ever stopped to think about how much pressure your tires are under? We don’t just mean keeping them properly inflated to the right psi (though that is very important as you’ll see below). We’re talking about how your tires are the only thing connecting your car—all 3500 pounds of it—to the road. If you’ve ever driven on bald tires or summer tires in the snow and cold, you know how much it can affect your ability to drive safely and in control.
Should you have any tire-specific questions or would like to book tire repairs/replacement for your Kia Forte, Sorento, or Sportage, please call our Mississauga car dealership service team at 1-888-651-1987 or book online using our handy online form.
Did you know that approximately 75% of roadside flats and other tire failures are caused by under-inflation? Unfortunately, it’s often tricky to tell when your tires are low on pressure. Here’s you chance to perform one of the easiest do-it-yourself car maintenance jobs that can have potentially the greatest impact on your vehicle’s fuel efficiency and driving safety.
How to check your tire pressure
- Buy a tire pressure gauge from an auto parts store
- If you don’t know your car’s recommended tire pressure in psi, check the owner’s manual or read the sticker pasted to the doorsill or outside door frame of your driver’s side door
- Remove the valve stem cap and firmly press on the tire gauge to get a reading
- Use a home or gas station air compressor to fill up your tires
- We recommend you check your tires once a month to account for changes in temperature as the seasons progress
Tire Tread Depth
Tires, unfortunately, don’t last forever. All that friction with the road surface wears them down. Most tires last between 60,000 and 80,000 km, with some newer all season brands guaranteed by the manufacturer to last up to 100,000 km. Here’s a guide to making sure your tires have optimal traction and don’t need replacing.
How to check your tire tread depth
- Get a ruler (or tire depth gauge from an auto parts store like the pros)
- Place the your ruler or gauge in one of the tire grooves. If the edge of the tread is lower than 1/16 of an inch (1.5 mm), you probably need new tires
- Another way is to inspect the wear bars (the horizontal bars within the grooves). If they’re flush with the tire tread, you need to replace your tires
- We recommend checking your tire tread every time you come in for an oil change or when your start to notice worsened traction or fuel economy
Tire Wear Pattern
It’s quite surprising how much can be discovered from inspecting the type of wear on your tires. Though even tire wear is normal and expected, irregular wear patterns are often a strong indicator of problems with your suspension, steering, and wheel settings. Use this list so you can diagnose your car for possible issues before they crop up and cost you more money in the future.
The most common types of tire wear and what they mean
- Centre wear – if you notice a band of greater wear running along the centre grooves, that means that your tires are over-inflated
- Outside wear – if you notice bands of greater wear running along the outside grooves, that means that your tires are under-inflated
- Feathering – when your tire tread ribs get a distinctly round edge on one side a sharp edge on the other, it means that your toe-in placement is off and you need to book a wheel alignment
- One-sided wear – if one side of your tires start to wear out faster than the other, it usually means your wheel alignment is off
- Cupping – if you begin to notice scalloped “dips” in the tread of one side of the tire, it typically means your suspension parts are becoming worn out or your vehicle needs an alignment
Since nearly all vehicles—even four-wheel drive and all-wheel drive models—send different amounts of engine torque to all four wheels, your tires will wear out at different rates if they’re not rotated regularly.
How often should you rotate your tires?
- We recommend you rotate your tires every 10,000 km. For a more specific interval, please refer to your owner’s manual
This service includes
- Rotating the tires as per your manufacturer’s recommendation
- A tire inspection for proper air pressure, tread life, unusual wear patterns, and imbedded foreign objects like screws or nails
- Tightening wheel bolts to correct torque
Due to tire pressure monitoring technology imbedded in your wheels (in all cars built after September 2007), plus uneven assemblies, your wheels and tires are imbalanced. To prevent a “wobble” at higher speeds, it’s essential that wheel weights be installed on your new wheels. These small weights are either stuck to the inner rim of your wheel or hammered into the edge of your rim. You probably haven’t noticed them until now. Go out and have a look!
When do your tires need balancing?
- When you feel a strong vibration or wobbling through the steering wheel
- Every time you get new wheels and/or tires installed